Episcopal Diocese of Minnesota

Environmental Stewardship Commission Lectionary Reflection Year A, Easter 2, Psalm

Psalm 111
Hallelujah! I will give thanks to the LORD with my whole heart, * in the assembly of the upright, in the congregation.

Great are the deeds of the LORD! * they are studied by all who delight in them.

His work is full of majesty and splendor, * and his righteousness endures for ever.

He makes his marvelous works to be remembered; * the LORD is gracious and full of compassion.

He gives food to those who fear him; * he is ever mindful of his covenant.

He has shown his people the power of his works * in giving them the lands of the nations.

The works of his hands are faithfulness and justice; * all his commandments are sure.

They stand fast for ever and ever, * because they are done in truth and equity.

He sent redemption to his people; he commanded his covenant for ever; * holy and awesome is his Name.

The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; * those who act accordingly have a good understanding; his praise endures for ever.

Reflection on Psalm 111 by John Gibbs, Ph D

"Becoming People Who Are Safe for the World" (Ecological Covenant)

This psalm's most famous verse is the first half of the 10th: "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom." But it may also be the most widely misunderstood. "Fear" is not to be understood as being scared half to death. That we know from other biblical texts, such as Job 9:34 (".not let dread of him terrify me.") and Job 13:21 (".do not let dread of you terrify me."), both texts referring to God.

In his great book The Idea of the Holy (NY: Oxford, 1924) Rudolf Otto (who taught theology at Marburg in Germany) describes efforts to convey the meaning of this Hebrew word [emat] in modern languages. He suggests that the English "awe" comes closest to saying what was meant in Hebrew (p. 14). Awe includes astonishment and wonder.

We are both attracted and repelled by that "great mystery" (mysterium tremendum) for which we have awe. There is "a power greater than ourselves" to which we are accountable, and from which we gather strength for life, as is often said in meetings of Alcoholics Anonymous. That is not naked power, but the power of grace and mercy (111:4). Awe before God the Lord recalls God's "wonderful deeds" especially in upholding God's covenant (111:5,9), within which "the Lord is gracious and merciful." "Holy and awesome is his name" (111:9).

"PTL," "Praise the Lord" recalls all that. It is not to be said glibly from any self-righteous perspective. The whole history of Israel informs this "Praise the Lord." Wisdom starts in awe before that Lord God, and that history of God's dealings with God's People. Wisdom begins in my giving thanks to this Lord with my whole personality as it has been formed "in the congregation" (111:1).

Awed wisdom bears fruit in the world at large. Those who experience this "awe" know experientially its social consequences: "They rise in the darkness as a light for the upright; they are gracious, merciful, and righteous. It is well with those who deal generously and lend, who conduct their affairs with justice. .They have distributed freely, they have given to the poor." (111:4f, 9).

In our time social justice and environmental justice are mutually interactive. Whatever we do against the environment is done also to "the least of these" our neighbors. Whatever we do to preserve the creation for posterity also serves well the poorest nations who are most vulnerable to effects of climate change.

The worship of God is the beginning of wisdom about the ecology of humanity and nature in one creation.

To Reflections on other Readings for this Sunday:
Old Testament Genesis 9:8-16
Psalm 111 or Psalm 118:19-24
this page
New Testament 1 Peter 1:3-9 or Acts 2:14a, 22-32
Gospel John 20:19-31
General Reflection these Readings for the Easter Season
John Gibbs, a retired theologan, attends Trinity Episcopal Church, Park Rapids, MN. He originally wrote this reflection in 2002. He and we welcome your comments. Please address your comments or additional reflections to John Gibbs or any MEESC member, or mail them to:
MEESC Holy Trinity Church Box 65 Elk River, MN 55330-0065 USA

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